18th Century Inventions 1700 – 1799

1701 • Jethro Tull invents the seed drill.
1709 • Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the piano.
1711 • Englishmen, John Shore invents the tuning fork.
1712 • Thomas Newcomen patents the atmospheric steam engine.
1717 • Edmond Halley invents the diving bell.
1722 • French C. Hopffer patents the fire extinguisher.
1724 • Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the first mercury thermometer.
1733 • John Kay invents the flying shuttle.
1745 • E.G. von Kleist invents the leyden jar, the first electrical capacitor.
1752 • Benjamin Franklin invents the lightening rod.
1755 • Samuel Johnson publishes the first English language dictionary on April                  15th after nine years of writing. In the preface Samuel Johnson wrote, “I                am not so lost in lexicography as to forget that words are the daughters                of earth, and that things are the sons of heaven.”
1757 • John Campbell invents the sextant.
1758 • Dolland invents a chromatic lens.
1761 • Englishmen, John Harrison invents the navigational clock or marine                        chronometer for measuring longitude.
1764 • James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny.
1767 • Joseph Priestley invents carbonated water – soda water.
1768 • Richard Arkwright patents the spinning frame.
1769 • James Watt invents an improved steam engine.
1774 • Georges Louis Lesage patents the electric telegraph.
1775 • Alexander Cummings invents the flush                                                           Jacques Perrier invents a steamship.
1776 • David Bushnell invents a submarine.
1779 • Samuel Crompton invents the spinning mule.
1780 • Benjamin Franklin invents bi-focal eyeglassesGervinus invents the                     circular saw.
1783 • Louis Sebastien demonstrates the first parachuteBenjamin Hanks                        patents the self-winding clock. Joseph Michel Montgolfier and Jacques                   Etienne Montgolfier invent the hot-air balloon Englishmen, Henry Cort invents the steel roller for steel production.
1784 • Andrew Meikle invents the threshing machineJoseph Bramah invents the safety lock.
1785 • Edmund Cartwright invents the power loom Claude Berthollet invents chemical bleaching Charles Augustus Coulomb invents the torsion balance Blanchard invents a working parachute.
1786 • John Fitch invents a steamboat.
1789 • The guillotine is invented.
1790 • The United States issued its first patent to William Pollard of Philadelphia for a machine that roves and spins cotton.
1791 • John Barber invents the gas turbine Early bicycles invented in Scotland.
1792 • William Murdoch invents gas lighting The first ambulance.
1794 • Eli Whitney patents the cotton ginWelshmen, Philip Vaughan invents ball bearings.
1795 • Francois Appert invents the preserving jar for food.
1796 • Edward Jenner creates a smallpox vaccination.
1797 • Wittemore patents a carding machine A British inventor, Henry Maudslay invents the first metal or precision lathe.
1798 • The first soft drink inventedAloys Senefelder invents lithography.
1799 • Alessandro Volta invents the battery Louis Robert invents the Fourdrinier Machine for sheet paper making.

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